- Check your feet every day
for scratches, cracks, cuts, or blisters, especially between the toes
and around the heel. Also look for changes in color, temperature, or
shape. If you notice any of these problems, tell your doctor.
- Always wear socks/stockings
with your shoes. Woolen and cotton socks are recommended.
- Make an appointment every
year with a doctor who specializes in diabetic eye disease to help detect
eye problems in the early stages.
- People with type 2 diabetes
are at greater risk for heart disease. Eating foods that are lower in
fat, especially saturated fat, can help you lose weight and reduce your
risk for developing heart disease.
- Keeping your blood sugar
near normal can help reduce the risk of eye disease.
- Controlling your blood sugar
and blood pressure can help protect your body from long-term diabetes
- Special foot care is necessary
when you have diabetes. Poor circulation, damage to nerves, and trouble
fighting infections can make foot problems very serious. You can help
prevent major problems by following a daily routine of checking and
caring for your feet.
- Depression is common in
people with a chronic condition like type 2 diabetes. A lack of energy,
changes in eating habits, changes in sleep patterns, and a loss of interest
in activities that you previously enjoyed are all symptoms of depression.
Talk to your health care provider if you are experiencing any of these
- Visit a podiatrist for routine
foot care. Podiatrists are trained to provide good foot care and nail
- Take care of foot ulcers.
You can do your part by keeping your feet clean and dry and following
instructions from your health care provider.
- Glaucoma is more common
in people with type 2 diabetes and can cause blindness if it is not
treated. It is important to get a yearly eye examination to be screened
for glaucoma and other diabetes-related eye health problems.
- Notify your doctor if you
notice any swelling, tingling, burning, or numbness of your feet.
- If you are pregnant or
thinking about becoming pregnant, be sure to talk to your health care
- Set achievable goals. With
the help of your health care team, set practical goals. Approach your
diabetes care in a step-by-step manner.
- Ask for support. Tell your
family and friends what their support means to you. Bring family members
with you to meet with your health care team. This can be a very constructive
way to include them in your support network.
- Diabetes can damage the
large blood vessels that surround the heart and carry blood to the arms,
legs, and head. This causes the heart to work harder, which can lead
to a heart attack or stroke. Damage to the large blood vessels has very
few early symptoms, but some people may have cuts or sores that heal
slowly, leg cramps that go away with rest, or dizzy spells.
- People with diabetes are
at risk for skin problems and infections. You need to take care of your
skin, especially the skin on your feet. Learn to spot the first signs
of infection and ask your doctor what to do about them. Taking care
of your body is part of managing your diabetes.
- Diabetes can cause damage
to your eyes and cause blindness. Finding and treating eye problems
as soon as possible can help prevent blindness. Be sure to have your
eyes examined by a doctor once a year.
- Eye damage from diabetes
has no symptoms in the early, most treatable stages. Visit an eye doctor
immediately if you have any of the following symptoms of eye damage:
blurred or double vision, narrowed field of vision, seeing dark spots,
a feeling of pressure or pain in the eyes, or difficulty seeing in dim
© 2000, Takeda Pharmaceuticals America, Inc. and Eli Lilly and